Beyond Agricultural Impacts

Beyond Agricultural Impacts PDF Author: Nkulumo Zinyengere
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128126256
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 306

Book Description
Beyond Agricultural Impacts: Multiple Perspectives on Climate Change in Africa presents the theories and methods commonly applied in climate change assessment from various locations in Africa, also inspiring further research that addresses the broad spectrum of societal impacts that result from altered climate status. Using case studies, the work provides insights into climate change impacts and adaptation with a lens on vulnerable groups in African agriculture, e.g. smallholder crop and livestock farmers, women and youth. The book also highlights areas of further interest in climate change and agriculture research in Africa, all done through views from multiple disciplines in the agriculture and climate change nexus. Presents themes, theories, tools and methods for mitigating the impact of climate change in African agriculture Highlights the research gaps and opportunities in research on climate change and agriculture Uses examples and cases to provide insights into shaping future research Provides insights from African countries, including Lesotho, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Uganda, Ghana and Cameroon

Looking Beyond the Horizon

Looking Beyond the Horizon PDF Author: William R. Sutton
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821397680
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 177

Book Description
Agriculture is one of the most climate-sensitive of all economic sectors. In many countries, such as the fourexamined in Looking Beyond the Horizon, the risks of climate change are an immediate and fundamentalproblem because the majority of the rural population depends either directly or indirectly on agriculture forits livelihood.The risks of climate change to agriculture cannot be eff ectively dealt with—and the opportunities cannot beeff ectively exploited—without a clear plan for aligning agricultural policies with climate change, developingthe capabilities of key agricultural institutions, and investing in infrastructure, support services, and on-farmimprovements. Developing such a plan ideally involves a combination of high-quality quantitative analysis;consultation with key stakeholders, particularly farmers and local agricultural experts; and investments inboth human and physical capital. The diverse experiences of Albania, the former Yugoslav Republic ofMacedonia, Moldova, and Uzbekistan, highlighted in this book, show that it is possible to develop a plan tomeet these objectives—one that is comprehensive and empirically driven as well as consultative and quickto develop.The approach of this volume is predicated on strong country ownership and participation, and is defi ned byits emphasis on “win-win” or “no regrets” solutions to the multiple challenges posed by climate change for thefarmers of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The solutions are measures that increase resilience to futureclimate change, boost current productivity despite the greater climate variability already occurring, and limitgreenhouse gas emissions—also known as “climate-smart agriculture.”Looking Beyond the Horizon draws on the experiences of applying this approach to these four nations inEastern Europe and Central Asia with the goal of helping each country mainstream climate changeadaptation into its agricultural policies, programs, and investments. The book also highlights the projectedimpacts of climate change on agriculture in these countries through forecast variations in temperature andrainfall patterns, which are crucial to farming, and off ers a map for navigating the risks and realizingthe opportunities. Finally, a detailed e xplanation of the approach, as well as lessons learned from itsimplementation, is provided for those who would like to implement similar programs in other countries ofEurope, Central Asia, or anywhere else in the world.

Climate change and agriculture in the Sudan: Impact pathways beyond changes in mean rainfall and temperature

Climate change and agriculture in the Sudan: Impact pathways beyond changes in mean rainfall and temperature PDF Author: Siddig, Khalid
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 30

Book Description
Several environmental changes have occurred in the Sudan in the past; several are ongoing; and others are projected to happen in the future. The Sudan has witnessed increases in temperature, floods, rainfall variability, and concurrent droughts. In a country where agriculture, which is mainly rainfed, is a major contributor to gross domestic product, foreign exchange earnings, and livelihoods, these changes are especially important, requiring measurement and analysis of their impact. This study not only analyzes the economy-wide impacts of climate change, but also consults national policy plans, strategies, and environmental assessments to identify interventions which may mitigate the effects. We feed climate forcing, water demand, and macro-socioeconomic trends into a modelling suite that includes models for global hydrology, river basin management, water stress, and crop growth, all connected to the International Model for Policy Analysis of Agricultural Commodities and Trade (IMPACT). The outcomes of this part of the modeling suite are annual crop yields and global food prices under various climate change scenarios until 2050. The effects of such changes on production, consumption, macroeconomic indicators, and income distribution are assessed using a single country dynamic Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model for the Sudan. Additionally, we introduce yield variability into the CGE model based on stochastic projections of crop yields until 2050. The results of the model simulations reveal that, while the projected mean climate changes bring some good news for the Sudan, extreme negative variability costs the Sudan cumulatively between 2018 and 2050 US$ 109.5 billion in total absorption and US$ 105.5 billion in GDP relative to a historical mean climate scenario without climate change.

The Impact of Land Reform on Economic and Social Development

The Impact of Land Reform on Economic and Social Development PDF Author: United Nations. Economic and Social Council. Social Commission
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Economic development
Languages : en
Pages : 60

Book Description


Reducing the Vulnerability of Uzbekistan's Agricultural Systems to Climate Change

Reducing the Vulnerability of Uzbekistan's Agricultural Systems to Climate Change PDF Author: William R Sutton
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781306155809
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description
Agriculture is one of the most climate-sensitive of all economic sectors. In many countries, such as in Uzbekistan, the risks of climate change are an immediate and fundamental problem because the majority of the rural population depends either directly or indirectly on agriculture for their livelihoods. The risks of climate change to agriculture in Uzbekistan cannot be effectively dealt withand the opportunities cannot be effectively exploitedwithout a clear plan for aligning agricultural policies with climate change, developing the capabilities of key agricultural institutions, and making needed investments in infrastructure, support services and on-farm improvements. Developing such a plan ideally involves a combination of high-quality quantitative analysis, consultation with key stakeholders, particularly farmers and local agricultural experts, and investments in both human and physical capital. The experience of Uzbekistan, highlighted in this work, shows that it is possible to develop a plan to meet these objectivesone that is comprehensive and empirically driven as well as consultative and quick to develop. The approach of this study is predicated on strong country ownership and participation, and is defined by its emphasis on win-win or no regrets solutions to the multiple challenges posed by climate change for farmers in Uzbekistan. The solutions are measures that increase resilience to future climate change, boost current productivity despite the greater climate variability already occurring, and limit greenhouse gas emissions. Reducing The Vulnerability of Uzbekistan's Agricultural Systems to Climate Change: Impact Assessment and Adaptation Options applies this approach to Uzbekistan with the goal of helping the country mainstream climate change adaptation into its agricultural policies, programs, and investments. The study projects impacts of climate change on agriculture across Uzbekistans three agro-ecological areas through forecast variations in temperature and rainfall patterns so crucial to farming. It offers a map for navigating the risks and realizing the opportunities, outlined through a series of consultations with local farmers. A detailed explanation of the approach is provided for those who would like to implement similar programs in other countries of Europe, Central Asia, or anywhere else in the world. This is one of four country studies that were produced under the World Banks program, Reducing Vulnerability to Climate Change in European and Central Asian Agricultural Systems. The other countries included in this series are Albania, FYR Macedonia, and Moldova. The results from the four studies are consolidated in the book Looking Beyond the Horizon: How Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Responses Will Reshape Agriculture in Eastern Europe and Central Asia website.

Building Resilience to Climate Change in South Caucasus Agriculture

Building Resilience to Climate Change in South Caucasus Agriculture PDF Author: Nicolas Ahouissoussi
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464802157
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 164

Book Description
This book illustrates the World Bank’s commitment to assist countries to respond to the opportunities and challenges posed by climate change. Undertaken in collaborative partnership with policy makers, farmers, civil society, and other stakeholders in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, it provides a much needed response to the call for action by quantifying the impact and identifying key priorities for policies, programs, and investments to reduce the vulnerability of agricultural systems to climate change in the South Caucasus. The study responds to the urgent need for climate adaptation, as highlighted in the World Bank’s “Turn Down the Heat” report. Notably, the South Caucasus is already contending with increasing aridity and more frequent extreme weather events (e.g. severe droughts, floods and hailstorms). It presents practical solutions for a more climate smart agriculture, at the regional, national and agro-ecological zone level in each country. The recommendations offered in this book are a compilation of the results of the three national studies, and highlight the need and potential for regional collaborative action to increase benefits, while also continuing to emphasize the need for an effective response at the national level. The national level results are supported by country reports, which provide more details. This work is but an important beginning. To achieve the goals of climate resilience in the agriculture sector, more work is needed to translate the proposals into reality. The analysis demonstrates that investments in irrigation infrastructure and on-farm technologies have great potential to raise agricultural productivity and improve the climate resilience of the sector. Demand-side agricultural water management will have high short-term payoffs, and these short-term payoffs are complementary to the success of long- term irrigation, drainage and other infrastructure investments. Strengthening the disaster risk management strategies (beyond agricultural measures) are also needed to help mitigate household risks from extreme events, especially for the poorest, who are the most vulnerable.

Agriculture and Climate Beyond 2015

Agriculture and Climate Beyond 2015 PDF Author: Floor Brouwer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402043686
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 308

Book Description
Interactions between agriculture, climate and patterns of land use are complex. Major changes in agriculture, and land use patterns are foreseen in the next couple of decades in response to shifts in climate, greenhouse gas management initiatives, population growth and other forces. The book explores key interactions between changes in agriculture, patterns of land use and efforts to reduce greenhouse emissions from agriculture. The volume is based on inter-disciplinary science and policy interactions, exploring the way land use may aid in addressing or be affected by the onset of climate change and alterations in food demand. Future forces shaping land use decisions are examined, and its sensitivity to climate change is highlighted. Patterns of land use and the agricultural role in climate change mitigation are explored. Also, policy and social responses to the new perspectives on future land use patterns are identified. The perspective of the book is beyond the year 2015.

Organic Agriculture for Sustainable Livelihoods

Organic Agriculture for Sustainable Livelihoods PDF Author: Niels Halberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136469362
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 296

Book Description
This book provides a timely analysis and assessment of the potential of organic agriculture (OA) for rural development and the improvement of livelihoods. It focuses on smallholders in developing countries and in countries of economic transition, but there is also coverage of and comparisons with developed countries. It covers market-oriented approaches and challenges for OA as part of high value chains and as an agro-ecologically based development for improving food security. It demonstrates the often unrecognised roles that organic farming can play in climate change, food security and sovereignty, carbon sequestration, cost internalisations, ecosystems services, human health and the restoration of degraded landscapes. The chapters specifically provide readers with: an overview of the state of research on OA from socio-economic, environmental and agro-ecological perspectives an analysis of the current and potential role of OA in improving livelihoods of farmers, in sustainable value chain development, and in implementation of agro-ecological methods proposed strategies for exploiting and improving the potential of OA and overcoming the constraints for further development a review of the strengths and weaknesses of OA in a sustainable development context

Third World Debt and Its Impact on the U.S. Agricultural Sector

Third World Debt and Its Impact on the U.S. Agricultural Sector PDF Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Agriculture
Languages : en
Pages : 179

Book Description


Agriculture and Development

Agriculture and Development PDF Author: Gudrun Kochendörfer-Lucius
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821371282
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 233

Book Description
The book highlights proceedings from the Berlin 2008: Agriculture and Development conference held in preparation for the World Development Report 2008.