Pivotal Constructions in Chinese

Pivotal Constructions in Chinese PDF Author: Rui Peng
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027266050
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 265

Book Description
This book presents a detailed analysis of the Chinese pivotal constructions (PVCs) and their diachronic developments from a constructionalist perspective, with the focus on the growth of the constructional hierarchies of these constructions and the changes with respect to both the form and meaning properties over time. The most important enabling factor behind the diachronic developments of the PVCs has been the sanction of the new instances conflicting with the constructions’ specifications. Throughout history the PVCs have grown along the two dimensions, i.e., inclusiveness and multileveledness, leading to a steady increase in the sizes of their constructional hierarchies. The two-dimensional expansion of the PVCs’ constructional hierarchies has been accompanied by the gradual relaxation of the conditions constraining the earliest instances, on multiple schematicity levels. This book will be valuable to scholars working on diachronic construction grammar and language change as well as to those interested in the history of Chinese language.

Pivotal Constructions in Chinese

Pivotal Constructions in Chinese PDF Author: Rui Peng
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027266050
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 265

Book Description
This book presents a detailed analysis of the Chinese pivotal constructions (PVCs) and their diachronic developments from a constructionalist perspective, with the focus on the growth of the constructional hierarchies of these constructions and the changes with respect to both the form and meaning properties over time. The most important enabling factor behind the diachronic developments of the PVCs has been the sanction of the new instances conflicting with the constructions’ specifications. Throughout history the PVCs have grown along the two dimensions, i.e., inclusiveness and multileveledness, leading to a steady increase in the sizes of their constructional hierarchies. The two-dimensional expansion of the PVCs’ constructional hierarchies has been accompanied by the gradual relaxation of the conditions constraining the earliest instances, on multiple schematicity levels. This book will be valuable to scholars working on diachronic construction grammar and language change as well as to those interested in the history of Chinese language.

Constructions in French

Constructions in French PDF Author: Myriam Bouveret
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027204357
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 294

Book Description
The book Constructions in French is the first collected volume to focus on French syntax from a constructionist perspective. It has been written with two kinds of readers in mind: for readers interested in the relationship between the French linguistic tradition and cognitive linguistics, and for readers who would like to examine how constructional analysis can be applied to a variety of French language phenomena. The eleven papers illustrate the insights generated by combining lexicalist and constructionist approaches, focusing on syntax as a dynamic system and using corpus data from a variety of speech genres. The contributions provide new findings about French usage trends (in linguistics and in psycholinguistics), including insights into new, nonstandard and poorly studied constructions.

Frames and Constructions in Metaphoric Language

Frames and Constructions in Metaphoric Language PDF Author: Karen Sullivan
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027204365
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 193

Book Description
Frames and constructions in metaphoric language shows how linguistic metaphor piggybacks on certain patterns of constructional meaning that have already been identified and studied in non-metaphoric language. Recognition of these shared semantic structures, and comparison of their roles in metaphoric and non-metaphoric constructions, make it possible to apply findings from Frame Semantics, Cognitive Grammar and Construction Grammar to understand how conceptual metaphor surfaces in language.

Constructions in Contact

Constructions in Contact PDF Author: Hans C. Boas
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027263302
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 324

Book Description
The last three decades have seen the emergence of Construction Grammar as a major research paradigm in linguistics. At the same time, very few researchers have taken a constructionist perspective on language contact phenomena. This volume brings together, for the first time, a broad range of original contributions providing insights into language contact phenomena from a constructionist perspective. Focusing primarily on Germanic languages, the papers in this volume demonstrate how the notion of construction can be fruitfully applied to investigate how a range of different language contact phenomena can be systematically analyzed from the perspectives of both form and meaning.

Geometric Constructions

Geometric Constructions PDF Author: George E. Martin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461206294
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 210

Book Description
Geometric constructions have been a popular part of mathematics throughout history. The first chapter here is informal and starts from scratch, introducing all the geometric constructions from high school that have been forgotten or were never learned. The second chapter formalises Plato's game, and examines problems from antiquity such as the impossibility of trisecting an arbitrary angle. After that, variations on Plato's theme are explored: using only a ruler, a compass, toothpicks, a ruler and dividers, a marked rule, or a tomahawk, ending in a chapter on geometric constructions by paperfolding. The author writes in a charming style and nicely intersperses history and philosophy within the mathematics, teaching a little geometry and a little algebra along the way. This is as much an algebra book as it is a geometry book, yet since all the algebra and geometry needed is developed within the text, very little mathematical background is required. This text has been class tested for several semesters with a master's level class for secondary teachers.

With Light Verb Constructions from Syntax to Concepts

With Light Verb Constructions from Syntax to Concepts PDF Author: Wittenberg, Eva
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Potsdam
ISBN: 386956329X
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 150

Book Description
This dissertation uses a common grammatical phenomenon, light verb constructions (LVCs) in English and German, to investigate how syntax-semantics mapping defaults influence the relationships between language processing, representation and conceptualization. LVCs are analyzed as a phenomenon of mismatch in the argument structure. The processing implication of this mismatch are experimentally investigated, using ERPs and a dual task. Data from these experiments point to an increase in working memory. Representational questions are investigated using structural priming. Data from this study suggest that while the syntax of LVCs is not different from other structures’, the semantics and mapping are represented differently. This hypothesis is tested with a new categorization paradigm, which reveals that the conceptual structure that LVC evoke differ in interesting, and predictable, ways from non-mismatching structures’.

Formal Properties of Measurement Constructions

Formal Properties of Measurement Constructions PDF Author: Kimiko Nakanishi
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110185980
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 304

Book Description
This series consists of collected volumes and monographs about specific issues dealing with interfaces among the subcomponents of linguistic structure: phonology-morphology, phonology-syntax, syntax-semantics, syntax-morphology, and syntax-lexicon. Recent linguistic research has recognized that the subcomponents of grammar interact in non-trivial ways. What is currently under debate is the actual range of such interactions and their most appropriate representation in grammar, and this is precisely the focus of this series. Specifically, it provides a general overview of various topics by examining them through the interaction of grammatical components. The books function as a state-of- the-art report of research.

Comparative Constructions in Spanish and French Syntax

Comparative Constructions in Spanish and French Syntax PDF Author: Susan Price
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315518910
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 235

Book Description
This study, first published in 1990, presents a comprehensive description of the comparative constructions of Spanish and French, and shows that the apparently numerous differences in their syntactic realisations can be accounted for by general constraints on the expression of comparison. There is also a discussion of parallel constructions in other Romance languages, showing that these languages display a range of constructions equally compatible with the suggested pattern of possibilities resulting from the general constraints proposed. This title will be of interest to students of language and linguistics.

Layering of Size and Type Noun Constructions in English

Layering of Size and Type Noun Constructions in English PDF Author: Lieselotte Brems
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110252929
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 420

Book Description
On the basis of synchronic and diachronic data analysis, the volume takes a close look at the synchronic layers of binominal size noun and type noun uses (a bunch/a load of X; a sort of X; a Y type of X) and reconsiders the framework of grammaticalization in view of issues raised by the phrases under discussion. As a result, a construction grammar-approach to grammaticalization is developed which does justice to the syntagmatic lexical, or collocational, reclustering observed in the data within an eclectic cognitive-functional approach.

Infinitival complement constructions in Early New High German

Infinitival complement constructions in Early New High German PDF Author: Robert Peter Ebert
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3111355837
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 201

Book Description
Over the past few decades, the book series Linguistische Arbeiten [Linguistic Studies], comprising over 500 volumes, has made a significant contribution to the development of linguistic theory both in Germany and internationally. The series will continue to deliver new impulses for research and maintain the central insight of linguistics that progress can only be made in acquiring new knowledge about human languages both synchronically and diachronically by closely combining empirical and theoretical analyses. To this end, we invite submission of high-quality linguistic studies from all the central areas of general linguistics and the linguistics of individual languages which address topical questions, discuss new data and advance the development of linguistic theory.