Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice

Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice PDF Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821358740
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 312

Book Description
Topics discussed in this publication include: an introduction to theoretical and practical aspects of fiscal sustainability; theoretical prerequisites for fiscal sustainability analysis; debt indicators in the measurement of vulnerability; cyclical adjustment of budget surplus; pro-cyclical fiscal policy using Mexico's fiscal accounts as a case study; fiscal rules and the experience of Chile; currency crises and models for deal with financing costs.

Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice

Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice PDF Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821358740
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 312

Book Description
Topics discussed in this publication include: an introduction to theoretical and practical aspects of fiscal sustainability; theoretical prerequisites for fiscal sustainability analysis; debt indicators in the measurement of vulnerability; cyclical adjustment of budget surplus; pro-cyclical fiscal policy using Mexico's fiscal accounts as a case study; fiscal rules and the experience of Chile; currency crises and models for deal with financing costs.

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice PDF Author: Nigel Chalk
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 27

Book Description
The main purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of approaches to assessing fiscal sustainability. It summarizes the general analytical background, focusing on the present value budget constraint, which is the benchmark against which solvency is determined, tests of sustainability (including sustainability indicators), and sustainability and uncertainty. The paper then looks at the way in which fiscal sustainability has been assessed in different types of IMF work. Finally the link between fiscal and external sustainability is discussed.

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice PDF Author: Nigel Andrew Chalk
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN:
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 34

Book Description
The main purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of approaches to assessing fiscal sustainability. It summarizes the general analytical background, focusing on the present value budget constraint, which is the benchmark against which solvency is determined, tests of sustainability (including sustainability indicators), and sustainability and uncertainty. The paper then looks at the way in which fiscal sustainability has been assessed in different types of IMF work. Finally the link between fiscal and external sustainability is discussed.

Sustainable Fiscal Policy and Economic Stability

Sustainable Fiscal Policy and Economic Stability PDF Author: Philippe Burger
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN:
Category : Debts, Public
Languages : en
Pages : 264

Book Description
The public debt/GDP ratio in several countries showed the largest ever peacetime increase during the last 20 years of the 20th century, thereby causing widespread fiscal unsustainability. Towards the latter half of the 1990s, several governments initiated steps to reverse this trend, however, they frequently found that their policies were not always successful. This book examines why. that merely running a primary surplus to restore fiscal sustainability will not always work. In effect, governments may simply shift the problem to other sectors of the economy, therby creating economic instability. By linking the budget constraints of govenment and non-governmental agents at a macroeconomic level, the author's framework allows him to measure how changes to the budget of one economic sector are transferred to the budgetary position of another sector. By taking account of thes sectoral balance effects, as well as the role of uncertainty and expectations, the book develops a set of rules for the maintnance of fiscal sustainability and economic stability. position of fiscal sustainability, this book should be useful for economists and academic working on fiscal and macroeconomic policy, especially from a Post-Keynesian perspective, and policymakers interested in ensuring economic and fiscal stability.

Fiscal Sustainability

Fiscal Sustainability PDF Author: Mr. Evan Tanner
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1484351495
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 49

Book Description
This paper critically reviews recent work regarding the sustainability of public debt. It argues that Debt Sustainability Analyses (DSAs) should be more than mere mechanical simulation exercises. Instead, a DSA should be linked to some objective regarding the distribution of fiscal burdens and distortions over time (in the tradition of Barro’s 1979 tax smoothing objective). The paper discusses objective functions that yield simple and transparent fiscal policy rules.

Public Finance in Theory and Practice

Public Finance in Theory and Practice PDF Author: Richard Abel Musgrave
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies
ISBN:
Category : Finance, Public
Languages : en
Pages : 796

Book Description


Subnational Fiscal Sustainability Analysis

Subnational Fiscal Sustainability Analysis PDF Author: Elena Ianchovichina
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN:
Category : Fiscal policy
Languages : en
Pages : 34

Book Description
"In the late 1990s the Indian state of Tamil Nadu experienced an unprecedented fiscal deterioration, which was part of the widespread fiscal deterioration in Indian states. This deterioration was troubling because current expenditure outgrew total revenue, leaving little fiscal space for infrastructure spending. The paper presents a framework for subnational fiscal sustainability analysis and applies it to Tamil Nadu where subsequent fiscal adjustment has been ambitious and politically challenging, but has promised to put state finance on a sustainable path and create fiscal space for infrastructure investment. The paper emphasizes the differences between fiscal sustainability analysis at the national and subnational levels, attempts to take into account uncertainty, and discusses the key components of the state's fiscal accounts and how they respond to reforms and shocks. Risks to Tamil Nadu's fiscal outlook include interest rate shocks, pressures on the primary balance, and contingent liabilities. Though the state's efforts to remove constraints to economic growth, minimize recurrent expenditures and maximize its revenue potential will be critical for fiscal sustainability, national policies feature prominently in subnational fiscal adjustment. Tamil Nadu's quest for fiscal sustainability is relevant for other countries. Decentralization has given subnational governments in developing countries significant spending and taxation responsibilities, and the capacity to incur debt. The fiscal stress of the Indian states echoed the fiscal crises of subnational governments in several other major emerging economies. "--World Bank web site.

Public Debt Sustainability in Developing Asia

Public Debt Sustainability in Developing Asia PDF Author: Benno Ferrarini
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113619990X
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 226

Book Description
Addressing the Global Financial Crisis required fiscal intervention on a substantial scale by governments around the world. The consequent build up of public debt, in particular its sustainability, have moved centre stage in the policy debate. If the Asia Pacific region is to continue to serve as an engine for global growth its public debt must be sustainable. The book addresses this issue for Asia Pacific as a whole as well as for three of the most dynamic economies in the region: China, India and Vietnam. The book begins with a discussion of the reasons why there is increased attention on debt related issues and outline the contents of the volume. The book also includes fiscal indicators for Developing Member Countries (DMCs) as categorized by the Asian Development Bank (ADB). Debt sustainability for these countries is assessed through extant approaches and with the most updated data sources. It also surveys the extant literature on debt sustainability, outlining the main issues related to debt sustainability and discusses the key implications for the application of debt sustainability analysis in developing Asia. The book highlights the importance of doing individual country studies in view of wide variations in definitions of public expenditure, revenues, contingent liabilities, government structures (e.g. federal), and the like as well as in the impact of debt on interest rates. It provides in-depth debt sustainability analyses of China, India and Vietnam. The book is a comprehensive analytical and empirical update of the sustainability public debt in developing Asia. It breakes new ground in that various characteristics of the sustainability that have not yet been explored in the literature which, nevertheless, are crucial to understanding it. As a consequence, the policy analysis is based on firmer footings than in the extant literature and should prove useful to graduate students, researchers as well as policymakers.

Fiscal Sustainability in African HIPC Countries

Fiscal Sustainability in African HIPC Countries PDF Author: Alina Kudina
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1451859538
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 28

Book Description
This paper looks at the link between fiscal policy and debt sustainability in a number of African countries participating in the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative. The paper finds that, on the basis of current fiscal policies, debt levels will remain unsustainable even after these countries graduate from the HIPC Initiative. This finding has important policy implications. By the very requirements of the HIPC Initiative, these countries are expected to increase significantly their poverty-reducing expenditure-possibly resulting in weaker fiscal primary balances and worsening debt sustainability outlook. As offsetting fiscal tightening may not be viable, ensuring debt sustainability may thus require increased availability of (nondebt-creating) grants. Otherwise, debt sustainability in HIPC countries may prove elusive in the long term.

Generational Accounting

Generational Accounting PDF Author: Holger Bonin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662045958
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 270

Book Description
Among the concepts used to assess the sustainability of fiscal policy in a changing demographic environment, generational accounting has become the most prominent. This book gives a complete and up-to-date introduction to the theory and practice of the method. It reveals deficiencies of the original residual concept and discusses various measures of intergenerational redistribution based on the recent sustainability approach to generational accounting. An application using data on German public finances serves to provide an in-depth explanation and practical illustration of the technique. The study develops new procedures to evaluate the fiscal externalities of migration and the redistribution of net wealth among living generations resulting from Social Security reform. The book is an indispensable source of reference for analysts employing generational accounting and for those wishing to study intertemporal redistribution through fiscal policy.