How to Calculate Options Prices and Their Greeks

How to Calculate Options Prices and Their Greeks PDF Author: Pierino Ursone
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119011620
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 226

Book Description
A unique, in-depth guide to options pricing and valuing their greeks, along with a four dimensional approach towards the impact of changing market circumstances on options How to Calculate Options Prices and Their Greeks is the only book of its kind, showing you how to value options and the greeks according to the Black Scholes model but also how to do this without consulting a model. You'll build a solid understanding of options and hedging strategies as you explore the concepts of probability, volatility, and put call parity, then move into more advanced topics in combination with a four-dimensional approach of the change of the P&L of an option portfolio in relation to strike, underlying, volatility, and time to maturity. This informative guide fully explains the distribution of first and second order Greeks along the whole range wherein an option has optionality, and delves into trading strategies, including spreads, straddles, strangles, butterflies, kurtosis, vega-convexity , and more. Charts and tables illustrate how specific positions in a Greek evolve in relation to its parameters, and digital ancillaries allow you to see 3D representations using your own parameters and volumes. The Black and Scholes model is the most widely used option model, appreciated for its simplicity and ability to generate a fair value for options pricing in all kinds of markets. This book shows you the ins and outs of the model, giving you the practical understanding you need for setting up and managing an option strategy. • Understand the Greeks, and how they make or break a strategy • See how the Greeks change with time, volatility, and underlying • Explore various trading strategies • Implement options positions, and more Representations of option payoffs are too often based on a simple two-dimensional approach consisting of P&L versus underlying at expiry. This is misleading, as the Greeks can make a world of difference over the lifetime of a strategy. How to Calculate Options Prices and Their Greeks is a comprehensive, in-depth guide to a thorough and more effective understanding of options, their Greeks, and (hedging) option strategies.

How to Calculate Options Prices and Their Greeks

How to Calculate Options Prices and Their Greeks PDF Author: Pierino Ursone
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119011620
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 226

Book Description
A unique, in-depth guide to options pricing and valuing their greeks, along with a four dimensional approach towards the impact of changing market circumstances on options How to Calculate Options Prices and Their Greeks is the only book of its kind, showing you how to value options and the greeks according to the Black Scholes model but also how to do this without consulting a model. You'll build a solid understanding of options and hedging strategies as you explore the concepts of probability, volatility, and put call parity, then move into more advanced topics in combination with a four-dimensional approach of the change of the P&L of an option portfolio in relation to strike, underlying, volatility, and time to maturity. This informative guide fully explains the distribution of first and second order Greeks along the whole range wherein an option has optionality, and delves into trading strategies, including spreads, straddles, strangles, butterflies, kurtosis, vega-convexity , and more. Charts and tables illustrate how specific positions in a Greek evolve in relation to its parameters, and digital ancillaries allow you to see 3D representations using your own parameters and volumes. The Black and Scholes model is the most widely used option model, appreciated for its simplicity and ability to generate a fair value for options pricing in all kinds of markets. This book shows you the ins and outs of the model, giving you the practical understanding you need for setting up and managing an option strategy. • Understand the Greeks, and how they make or break a strategy • See how the Greeks change with time, volatility, and underlying • Explore various trading strategies • Implement options positions, and more Representations of option payoffs are too often based on a simple two-dimensional approach consisting of P&L versus underlying at expiry. This is misleading, as the Greeks can make a world of difference over the lifetime of a strategy. How to Calculate Options Prices and Their Greeks is a comprehensive, in-depth guide to a thorough and more effective understanding of options, their Greeks, and (hedging) option strategies.

How to Calculate Options Prices and Their Greeks

How to Calculate Options Prices and Their Greeks PDF Author: Pierino Ursone
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119011639
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 224

Book Description
A unique, in-depth guide to options pricing and valuing their greeks, along with a four dimensional approach towards the impact of changing market circumstances on options How to Calculate Options Prices and Their Greeks is the only book of its kind, showing you how to value options and the greeks according to the Black Scholes model but also how to do this without consulting a model. You'll build a solid understanding of options and hedging strategies as you explore the concepts of probability, volatility, and put call parity, then move into more advanced topics in combination with a four-dimensional approach of the change of the P&L of an option portfolio in relation to strike, underlying, volatility, and time to maturity. This informative guide fully explains the distribution of first and second order Greeks along the whole range wherein an option has optionality, and delves into trading strategies, including spreads, straddles, strangles, butterflies, kurtosis, vega-convexity , and more. Charts and tables illustrate how specific positions in a Greek evolve in relation to its parameters, and digital ancillaries allow you to see 3D representations using your own parameters and volumes. The Black and Scholes model is the most widely used option model, appreciated for its simplicity and ability to generate a fair value for options pricing in all kinds of markets. This book shows you the ins and outs of the model, giving you the practical understanding you need for setting up and managing an option strategy. • Understand the Greeks, and how they make or break a strategy • See how the Greeks change with time, volatility, and underlying • Explore various trading strategies • Implement options positions, and more Representations of option payoffs are too often based on a simple two-dimensional approach consisting of P&L versus underlying at expiry. This is misleading, as the Greeks can make a world of difference over the lifetime of a strategy. How to Calculate Options Prices and Their Greeks is a comprehensive, in-depth guide to a thorough and more effective understanding of options, their Greeks, and (hedging) option strategies.

Trading Options Greeks

Trading Options Greeks PDF Author: Dan Passarelli
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118133161
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 368

Book Description
A top options trader details a practical approach for pricing and trading options in any market condition The options market is always changing, and in order to keep up with it you need the greeks—delta, gamma, theta, vega, and rho—which are the best techniques for valuing options and executing trades regardless of market conditions. In the Second Edition of Trading Options Greeks, veteran options trader Dan Pasarelli puts these tools in perspective by offering fresh insights on option trading and valuation. An essential guide for both professional and aspiring traders, this book explains the greeks in a straightforward and accessible style. It skillfully shows how they can be used to facilitate trading strategies that seek to profit from volatility, time decay, or changes in interest rates. Along the way, it makes use of new charts and examples, and discusses how the proper application of the greeks can lead to more accurate pricing and trading as well as alert you to a range of other opportunities. Completely updated with new material Information on spreads, put-call parity and synthetic options, trading volatility, and advanced option trading is also included Explores how to exploit the dynamics of option pricing to improve your trading Having a comprehensive understanding of the greeks is essential to long-term options trading success. Trading Options Greeks, Second Edition shows you how to use the greeks to find better trades, effectively manage them, and ultimately, become more profitable.

Basic Black-Scholes

Basic Black-Scholes PDF Author: Timothy Falcon Crack
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780995117396
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 284

Book Description
[Note: eBook now available; see Amazon author page for details.] THE AUTHOR: Dr. Crack studied PhD-level option pricing at MIT and Harvard Business School, taught undergrad and MBA option pricing at Indiana University (winning many teaching awards), was an independent consultant to the New York Stock Exchange, worked as an asset management practitioner in London, and has traded options for over 20 years. This unique mix of learning, teaching, consulting, practice, and trading is reflected in every page. This revised 5th edition gives clear explanations of Black-Scholes option pricing theory, and discusses direct applications of the theory to trading. The presentation does not go far beyond basic Black-Scholes for three reasons: First, a novice need not go far beyond Black-Scholes to make money in the options markets; Second, all high-level option pricing theory is simply an extension of Black-Scholes; and Third, there already exist many books that look far beyond Black-Scholes without first laying the firm foundation given here. The trading advice does not go far beyond elementary call and put positions because more complex trades are simply combinations of these. UNIQUE SELLING POINTS -The basic intuition you need to trade options for the first time, or interview for an options job. -Honest advice about trading: there is no simple way to beat the markets, but if you have skill this advice can help make you money, and if you have no skill but still choose to trade, this advice can reduce your losses. -Full immersion treatment of transactions costs (T-costs). -Lessons from trading stated in simple terms. -Stylized facts about the markets (e.g., how to profit from reversals, when are T-costs highest/lowest during the trading day, implications of the market for corporate control, etc.). -How to apply European-style Black-Scholes pricing to the trading of American-style options. -Leverage through margin trading compared to leverage through options, including worked spreadsheet example. -Black-Scholes pricing code for the HP17B, HP19B, and HP12C. -Three downloadable spreadsheets. One allows the user to forecast T-costs for option positions using simple models. Another allows the user to explore option sensitivities including the Greeks. -Practitioner Bloomberg Terminal screenshots to aid learning. -Simple discussion of continuously-compounded returns. -Introduction to "paratrading" (trading stocks side-by-side with options to generate additional profit). -Unique "regrets" treatment of early exercise decisions and trade-offs for American-style calls and puts. -Unique discussion of put-call parity and option pricing. -How to calculate Black-Scholes in your head in 10 seconds (also in Heard on The Street: Quantitative Questions from Wall Street Job Interviews). -Special attention to arithmetic Brownian motion with general pricing formulae and comparisons to Bachelier (1900) and Black-Scholes. -Careful attention to the impact of dividends in analytical American option pricing. -Dimensional analysis and the adequation formula (relating FX call and FX put prices through transformed Black-Scholes formulae). -Intuitive review of risk-neutral pricing/probabilities and how and why these are related to physical pricing/probabilities. -Careful distinction between the early Merton (non-risk-neutral) hedging-type argument and later Cox-Ross/Harrison-Kreps risk-neutral pricing -Simple discussion of Monte-Carlo methods in science and option pricing. -Simple interpretations of the Black-Scholes formula and PDE and implications for trading. -Careful discussion of conditional probabilities as they relate to Black-Scholes. -Intuitive treatment of high-level topics e.g., bond-numeraire interpretation of Black-Scholes (where N(d2) is P(ITM)) versus the stock-numeraire interpretation (where N(d1) is P(ITM)). -Introduction and discussion of the risk-neutral probability that a European-style call or put option is ever in the money during its life.

Option Pricing Models and Volatility Using Excel-VBA

Option Pricing Models and Volatility Using Excel-VBA PDF Author: Fabrice D. Rouah
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118429206
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 441

Book Description
This comprehensive guide offers traders, quants, and studentsthe tools and techniques for using advanced models for pricingoptions. The accompanying website includes data files, such asoptions prices, stock prices, or index prices, as well as all ofthe codes needed to use the option and volatility models describedin the book. Praise for Option Pricing Models & Volatility UsingExcel-VBA "Excel is already a great pedagogical tool for teaching optionvaluation and risk management. But the VBA routines in this bookelevate Excel to an industrial-strength financial engineeringtoolbox. I have no doubt that it will become hugely successful as areference for option traders and risk managers." —Peter Christoffersen, Associate Professor of Finance,Desautels Faculty of Management, McGill University "This book is filled with methodology and techniques on how toimplement option pricing and volatility models in VBA. The booktakes an in-depth look into how to implement the Heston and Hestonand Nandi models and includes an entire chapter on parameterestimation, but this is just the tip of the iceberg. Everyoneinterested in derivatives should have this book in their personallibrary." —Espen Gaarder Haug, option trader, philosopher, andauthor of Derivatives Models on Models "I am impressed. This is an important book because it is thefirst book to cover the modern generation of option models,including stochastic volatility and GARCH." —Steven L. Heston, Assistant Professor of Finance,R.H. Smith School of Business, University of Maryland

Basic Black-Scholes: Option Pricing and Trading

Basic Black-Scholes: Option Pricing and Trading PDF Author: Timothy Falcon Crack
Publisher: Timothy Crack
ISBN: 9781991155436
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 0

Book Description
[Note: eBook now available; see Amazon author page for details.] Dr. Crack studied PhD-level option pricing at MIT and Harvard Business School, taught undergrad and MBA option pricing at Indiana University (winning many teaching awards), was an independent consultant to the New York Stock Exchange, worked as an asset management practitioner in London, and has traded options for 20+ years. This unique mix of learning, teaching, consulting, practice, and trading is reflected in every page. This revised 6th edition gives clear explanations of Black-Scholes option pricing theory, and discusses direct applications of the theory to trading. The presentation does not go far beyond basic Black-Scholes for three reasons: First, a novice need not go far beyond Black-Scholes to make money in the options markets; Second, all high-level option pricing theory is simply an extension of Black-Scholes; and Third, there already exist many books that look far beyond Black-Scholes without first laying the firm foundation given here. The trading advice does not go far beyond elementary call and put positions because more complex trades are simply combinations of these. UNIQUE SELLING POINTS -The basic intuition you need to trade options for the first time, or interview for an options job. -Honest advice about trading: there is no simple way to beat the markets, but if you have skill this advice can help make you money, and if you have no skill but still choose to trade, this advice can reduce your losses. -Full immersion treatment of transactions costs (T-costs). -Lessons from trading stated in simple terms. -Stylized facts about the markets (e.g., how to profit from reversals, when are T-costs highest/lowest during the trading day, implications of the market for corporate control, etc.). -How to apply European-style Black-Scholes pricing to the trading of American-style options. -Leverage through margin trading compared to leverage through options, including worked spreadsheet examples. -Black-Scholes pricing code for HP17B, HP19B, and HP12C. -Five accompanying Excel sheets: forecast T-costs for options using simple models; explore option sensitivities including the Greeks; compare stock trading to option trading; GameStop example; and, explore P(ever ITM). -Practitioner Bloomberg Terminal screenshots to aid learning. -Simple discussion of continuously-compounded returns. -Introduction to "paratrading" (trading stocks side-by-side with options). -Unique "regrets" treatment of early exercise decisions and trade-offs for American-style calls and puts. -Unique discussion of put-call parity and option pricing. -How to calculate Black-Scholes in your head in 10 seconds (also in Heard on The Street: Quantitative Questions from Wall Street Job Interviews). -Special attention to arithmetic Brownian motion with general pricing formulae and comparisons of Bachelier (1900) with Black-Scholes. -Careful attention to the impact of dividends in analytical American option pricing. -Dimensional analysis and the adequation formula (relating FX call and FX put prices through transformed Black-Scholes formulae). -Intuitive review of risk-neutral pricing/probabilities and how and why these are related to physical pricing/probabilities. -Careful distinction between the early Merton (non-risk-neutral) hedging-type argument and later Cox-Ross/Harrison-Kreps risk-neutral pricing -Simple discussion of Monte-Carlo methods in science and option pricing. -Simple interpretations of the Black-Scholes formula and PDE and implications for trading. -Careful discussion of conditional probabilities as they relate to Black-Scholes. -Intuitive treatment of high-level topics e.g., bond-numeraire interpretation of Black-Scholes (where N(d2) is P(ITM)) versus the stock-numeraire interpretation (where N(d1) is P(ITM)). -Introduction and discussion of the risk-neutral probability that a European-style call or put option is ever in the money during its life.

Black-Scholes Formula: A Walkthrough

Black-Scholes Formula: A Walkthrough PDF Author: Cornelius Kirsche
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656257930
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 14

Book Description
Essay from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Marketing, Corporate Communication, CRM, Market Research, Social Media, grade: 1,3, International University of Applied Sciences Bad Honnef - Bonn, course: Investment Analysis and Portfolio Management, language: English, abstract: This academic paper focuses on breaking down the magic of the Black-Scholes formula, which is used to value options. The author first introduces basic concepts like options, option strategies and the put-call parity to guide the reader through the underlying, basic concepts. To illustrate the use and the power of the Black-Scholes formula, two examples are calculated to better understand the complex steps involved in finding the call value. Finally, a failure case is presented, to show some pitfalls of this mathematical function.

The Complete Guide to Option Pricing Formulas

The Complete Guide to Option Pricing Formulas PDF Author: Espen Gaarder Haug
Publisher: McGraw-Hill
ISBN:
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 586

Book Description
Accompanying CD-ROM contains ... "all pricing formulas, with VBA code and ready-to-use Excel spreadsheets and 3D charts for Greeks (or Option Sensitivities)."--Jacket.

Options Theory and Trading

Options Theory and Trading PDF Author: Ron Ianieri
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470455780
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 368

Book Description
When used correctly, options can greatly enhance your profits. The leverage they provide allows small accounts to trade like big ones, without the normally associated risks. And, in times of financial turmoil, options can keep you from incurring catastrophic losses. There are many ways in which options can both protect your portfolio and help you profit—but in order to take advantage of these opportunities, you have to learn how to properly use options in your investment endeavors. As the cofounder and former chief options strategist for the Options University, and now as founder of ION Options, author Ron Ianieri is one of the most well-respected, and well-informed, individuals in this field. Over the course of his successful twenty-plus-year career in the options market, he has trained many professional traders, as well as numerous active investors. Now, with Options Theory and Trading, he shares his extensive experience with you. Based on a proven option-trading course created by Ianieri, which follows a logical step-by-step progression, this book opens with an in-depth explanation of option terms and theory in Part One—because learning the language and understanding the theory is the foundation upon which successful option strategies are built. Continuing along these lines, Ianieri takes the time to explore the unique risks and rewards of call and put options, and introduces you to the option pricing model, the "Greeks," and synthetic positions. In Part Two, Ianieri moves on to basic trading strategies involving stock and options, including the covered call/buy-write strategy, the covered put/sell-write strategy, the protective put strategy, the synthetic put/protective call strategy, and lastly, the collar strategy. In addition to this, you'll also discover the role of the "lean" in options trading and how to "roll" your position to establish a stream of income. While Ianieri demonstrates how well options function in unison with a stock position—enhancing potential gains, providing profit protection, and limiting the risk of the entire investment—he also examines how they can be even more effective when traded against each other. In Part Three, you'll gain an in-depth understanding of how to use vertical, diagonal, and time spreads in this way, and discover how straddles and strangles—which both feature the use of options in unison with one other—can help you achieve strong premium collection. Rounding out this detailed discussion of options is a close look at combination strategies. Part Four of Options Theory and Trading takes you through fully hedged strategies known as the Butterfly and the Condor, and offers practical advice on how and when to use them. In an environment of increasing volatility, there's great risk of market corrections endangering the capital of individual investors around the world. What you need to achieve long-term success in today's market is the right guidance. With Options Theory and Trading, you'll quickly discover how to use options to increase your portfolio's profit potential and reduce the risks you'll inevitably face.

Building Winning Trading Systems with TradeStation

Building Winning Trading Systems with TradeStation PDF Author: George Pruitt
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471215691
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 408

Book Description
Praise for BUILDING WINNING TRADING SYSTEMS with TradeStation (TM) "This book will prove vital to all systematic traders. Pruitt and Hill share a wealth of innovative timing patterns and fully disclosed trading strategies. For TradeStation(TM) users, there are powerful tutorials on indicator design and system building. The authors' vast expertise will benefit even practiced TradeStation(TM) veterans." -Nelson Freeburg Editor, Formula Research "TradeStation(TM) systems traders will discover a virtual gold mine of knowledge, guidance, and the benefit of vicarious experience from the two foremost experts on the subject in this valuable new addition to trading systems literature. There has long been a notable lack of worthwhile reference material for TradeStation(TM) users, and Building Winning Trading Systems with TradeStation(TM) fills a large void in this area." -Edward Dobson President, Traders Press, Inc. "Building Winning Trading Systems with TradeStation(TM) is filled with useful information and practical real-world examples. I believe TradeStation 6(TM) users will find it a valuable resource." -Bill Cruz Co-CEO, TradeStation(TM) Group, Inc.