Molecular Biology and Evolution of Blood Group and MHC Antigens in Primates

Molecular Biology and Evolution of Blood Group and MHC Antigens in Primates PDF Author: Antoine Blancher
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642590861
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 570

Book Description
Zoologists have categorized primates into a single order, and no one doubts today that they share a common ancestry. Humans and Old and New World non human primate species, from the lemurs of Madagascar to the African anthro poid apes, represent diverging branches of an evolutionary common trunk. Along with species-specific characters, all primates have retained a number of ancestral traits, relics of their common origin. The comparative study of these species-specific and ancestral traits makes it possible to reconstruct the evolu tionary pathways of humans and nonhuman primates. The discovery of the human blood groups and, later, of the Major Histocom patibility Complex (MHC) had a seminal effect on the field of human genetics, providing the first sound examples of mendel ian polymorphisms. The use of blood group and MHC alleles as genetic markers in biological anthropology gen erated a conceptual revolution and persuaded researchers to begin to think in terms of populations and not only intems of typology. The counterparts of these human red and white cell antigens were found and studied in nunhuman primates, and progress in this field is summarized in this book.

Molecular Biology and Evolution of Blood Group and MHC Antigens in Primates

Molecular Biology and Evolution of Blood Group and MHC Antigens in Primates PDF Author: Antoine Blancher
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642590861
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 570

Book Description
Zoologists have categorized primates into a single order, and no one doubts today that they share a common ancestry. Humans and Old and New World non human primate species, from the lemurs of Madagascar to the African anthro poid apes, represent diverging branches of an evolutionary common trunk. Along with species-specific characters, all primates have retained a number of ancestral traits, relics of their common origin. The comparative study of these species-specific and ancestral traits makes it possible to reconstruct the evolu tionary pathways of humans and nonhuman primates. The discovery of the human blood groups and, later, of the Major Histocom patibility Complex (MHC) had a seminal effect on the field of human genetics, providing the first sound examples of mendel ian polymorphisms. The use of blood group and MHC alleles as genetic markers in biological anthropology gen erated a conceptual revolution and persuaded researchers to begin to think in terms of populations and not only intems of typology. The counterparts of these human red and white cell antigens were found and studied in nunhuman primates, and progress in this field is summarized in this book.

Molecular Mechanisms of Photosynthesis

Molecular Mechanisms of Photosynthesis PDF Author: Robert E. Blankenship
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119800013
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 356

Book Description
MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS Rediscover the foremost introduction to molecular photosynthesis on the market today In the comprehensively revised Third Edition of Molecular Mechanisms of Photosynthesis, distinguished researcher and professor Robert E. Blankenship delivers a brand-new update to the most authoritative textbook on the subject of photosynthesis. In addition to thorough coverage of foundational topics in photosynthesis, the book discusses cutting-edge advances in research in this area, including new structures and new information about the mechanism of oxygen production. The author also describes advancements in the understanding of the regulation of photosynthesis and the critical process of photoprotection, as well as newly discovered pigments and organisms that extend oxygenic photosynthesis deeper into the near infrared spectral region. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of a fulsome appendix that incorporates a detailed introduction to the physical basis of photosynthesis, including thermodynamics, kinetics, and spectroscopy. A companion website offers downloadable figures as PowerPoint slides ideal for teaching. The book also includes: Thorough introductions to the basic principles of photosynthetic energy storage, photosynthetic organisms and organelles, and the history and early development of photosynthesis An expansive discussion of photosynthetic pigments, including their structure and spectroscopy Explorations of antenna complexes, energy transfer processes, reaction centers, and electron transport pathways in anoxygenic phototrophs and oxygenic photosynthetic organisms Comprehensive treatments of chemiosmotic coupling, ATP synthesis, and carbon metabolism Authoritative discussions of the evolution of photosynthesis and artificial photosynthesis Perfect for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in biochemistry and biophysics, Molecular Mechanisms of Photosynthesis will also earn a place in the libraries of students studying plant biology and seeking a one-stop resource in the field of molecular photosynthesis.

Molecular Spectrocopy

Molecular Spectrocopy PDF Author: SK Dogra
Publisher: Pearson Education India
ISBN: 9332540713
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 784

Book Description
Designed as a textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students of chemistry and physics, Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy elucidates the basic principles and applications of spectroscopy. The physical and quantitative aspects of spectroscopic techniques are covered comprehensively in one book. Simple mathematical concepts are used to explain the important role that mathematics plays in the development of the subject. Elementary quantum mechanical principles are introduced to relate the characteristic chemical behaviour of atoms and molecules such as vector representation of momentum and vector coupling approximation to spectra.

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants PDF Author: Bob B. Buchanan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470714220
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1280

Book Description
With over 1000 original drawings and 500 photographs, this work offers complete coverage of cell biology, plant physiology and molecular biology.

Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology PDF Author: Burton E. Tropp
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 0763786632
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1137

Book Description
Newly revised and updated, the Fourth Edition is a comprehensive guide through the basic molecular processes and genetic phenomena of both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Written for the undergraduate and first year graduate students, the text has been updated with the latest data in the field. It incorporates a biochemical approach as well as a discovery approach that provides historical and experimental information within the context of the narrative.

The Molecular Pathology of Autoimmune Diseases

The Molecular Pathology of Autoimmune Diseases PDF Author: Argyrios N Theofilopoulos
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482283727
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 1200

Book Description
Remarkable advances have been made in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity, such as with bone marrow transplantation, which is becoming a powerful strategy in treating certain life-threatening diseases. The Molecular Pathology of Autoimmune Diseases is a concise and centralized resource for information on the topic, with a special focus on the molecula

Grapevine Viruses: Molecular Biology, Diagnostics and Management

Grapevine Viruses: Molecular Biology, Diagnostics and Management PDF Author: Baozhong Meng
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319577069
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 698

Book Description
The domestication of grapes dates back five thousand years ago and has spread to nearly all continents. In recent years, grape acreage has increased dramatically in new regions, including the United States of America, Chile, Asia (China and India), and Turkey. A major limiting factor to the sustained production of premium grapes and wines is infections by viruses. The advent of powerful molecular and metagenomics technologies, such as molecular cloning and next generation sequencing, allowed the discovery of new viruses from grapes. To date, grapevine is susceptible to 64 viruses that belong to highly diverse taxonomic groups. The most damaging diseases include: (1) infectious degeneration; (2) leafroll disease complex; and (3) rugose wood complex. Recently, two new disease syndromes have been recognized: Syrah decline and red blotch. Losses due to fanleaf degeneration are estimated at $1 billion annually in France alone. Other diseases including leafroll, rugose wood, Syrah de cline and red blotch can result in total crop loss several years post-infection. This situation is further exacerbated by mixed infections with multiple viruses and other biotic as well as adverse abiotic environmental conditions, such as drought and winter damage, causing even greater destruction. The book builds upon the last handbook (written over twenty years ago) on the part of diagnostics and extensively expands its scope by inclusion of molecular biology aspects of select viruses that are widespread and economically most important. This includes most current information on the biology, transmission, genome replication, transcription, subcellular localization, as well as virus-host interactions. It also touches on several novel areas of scientific inquiry. It also contains suggested directions for future research in the field of grapevine virology.

Cell Biology, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution and Ecology

Cell Biology, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution and Ecology PDF Author: PS Verma | VK Agarwal
Publisher: S. Chand Publishing
ISBN: 9788121924429
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1298

Book Description
The revised edition of this bestselling textbook provides latest and detailed account of vital topics in biology, namely, Cell Biology, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution and Ecology . The treatment is very exhaustive as the book devotes exclusive parts to each topic, yet in a simple, lucid and concise manner. Simplified and well labelled diagrams and pictures make the subject interesting and easy to understand. It is developed for students of B.Sc. Pass and Honours courses, primarily. However, it is equally useful for students of M.Sc. Zoology, Botany and Biosciences. Aspirants of medical entrance and civil services examinations would also find the book extremely useful.

Contemporary Topics in Molecular Immunology

Contemporary Topics in Molecular Immunology PDF Author: R. Porter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468428411
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 265

Book Description
The distinction between molecular immunology and immunobiology is neces sarily arbitrary. The most rapid progress is usually made in the blurred area between the two, when the chemist is aware of the full significance of the biological problems, and the biologist is alert to the contribution that a knowl edge of molecular structure can be made to their solution. The range of scientific disciplines able to contribute to research in immunology, which this approach brings, is reflected in the present volume. Protein chemists worked out the arrangement of the polypeptide chains and the amino acid sequences of antibodies and X-ray crystallographers the three dimensional structure, but more precise definition of the amino acid side chain positions in the combining site is required for an understanding of the subtleties of antibody specificity. That this can be achieved with physical techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance has been shown by R. A. Dwek, and in his chapter he summarizes these results with a minimum of technical detail. The immune response has been shown to be dependent on complex cellular interactions and further progress will be facilitated by investigation of the molecular basis of these interactions. This necessitates study of the structure and organization of the molecules in the surfaces of lymphocytes and other cells.

Host-Parasite Cellular and Molecular Interactions in Protozoal Infections

Host-Parasite Cellular and Molecular Interactions in Protozoal Infections PDF Author: K.-P. Chang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642728405
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 425

Book Description
Tropical diseases such as leishmaniasis, malaria. trypanosomiasis, toxoplasmosis and amebiasis continue to plague the world, resulting in considerable morbidity and mortality, especially in the third world countries. These diseases are caused by a group of protozoa which have, over the years, undergone evolutionary adaptation to live often intracellularly in a parasitic way of life. So well-adapted have they become that they recognize the right hosts or cells to parasitize, yet at the same time they escape recognition and destruction by the host immune system. The mechanisms of such recognition and the escape of recognition are governed largely by host-parasite surface membrane interactions at the cellular and molecular level. Unique molecules produced by unusual pathways of these parasites have also been discovered and found to play important roles in their survival in the host. Understanding these mechanisms and pathways is essential not only to formulate a rational strategy for chemo- and immuno-prophylaxis and -therapy but also to unravel the mystery of biological evolution in symbiosis and parasitism. In the advent of our knowledge on the molecular biology and biochemistry of parasite membrane and other molecules, it is opportune to examine and discuss their possible roles in host-parasite recognition and interaction in a comparative approach. To highlight the recent advances of this area in various host-parasite systems, a NATO advanced Research Workshop was held from September 27 to October 1, 1986 at Hotel Villa del Mare, Acquafredda di Maratea, Italy.