Stochastic Algorithms for Visual Tracking

Stochastic Algorithms for Visual Tracking PDF Author: John MacCormick
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447106792
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 174

Book Description
A central problem in computer vision is to track objects as they move and deform in a video sequence. Stochastic algorithms -- in particular, particle filters and the Condensation algorithm -- have dramatically enhanced the state of the art for such visual tracking problems in recent years. This book presents a unified framework for visual tracking using particle filters, including the new technique of partitioned sampling which can alleviate the "curse of dimensionality" suffered by standard particle filters. The book also introduces the notion of contour likelihood: a collection of models for assessing object shape, colour and motion, which are derived from the statistical properties of image features. Because of their statistical nature, contour likelihoods are ideal for use in stochastic algorithms. A unifying theme of the book is the use of statistics and probability, which enable the final output of the algorithms presented to be interpreted as the computer's "belief" about the state of the world. The book will be of use and interest to students, researchers and practitioners in computer vision, and assumes only an elementary knowledge of probability theory.

Stochastic Algorithms for Visual Tracking

Stochastic Algorithms for Visual Tracking PDF Author: John MacCormick
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447106792
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 174

Book Description
A central problem in computer vision is to track objects as they move and deform in a video sequence. Stochastic algorithms -- in particular, particle filters and the Condensation algorithm -- have dramatically enhanced the state of the art for such visual tracking problems in recent years. This book presents a unified framework for visual tracking using particle filters, including the new technique of partitioned sampling which can alleviate the "curse of dimensionality" suffered by standard particle filters. The book also introduces the notion of contour likelihood: a collection of models for assessing object shape, colour and motion, which are derived from the statistical properties of image features. Because of their statistical nature, contour likelihoods are ideal for use in stochastic algorithms. A unifying theme of the book is the use of statistics and probability, which enable the final output of the algorithms presented to be interpreted as the computer's "belief" about the state of the world. The book will be of use and interest to students, researchers and practitioners in computer vision, and assumes only an elementary knowledge of probability theory.

Articulated Motion and Deformable Objects

Articulated Motion and Deformable Objects PDF Author: Francisco J. Perales
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540300740
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 266

Book Description
The AMDO 2004 workshop took place at the Universitat de les Illes Balears (UIB) on 22-24 September, 2004, institutionally sponsored by the International Association for Pattern Recognition (IAPR), the MCYT (Comision Interm- isterial de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Spanish Government), the AERFAI (Spanish Association for Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis), the EG (Eurogra- ics Association) and the Mathematics and Computer Science Department of the UIB. Also important commercial sponsors collaborated with practical dem- strations; the main contributors were: Barco Electronics Systems (Title Sp- sor), VICOM Tech, ANDROME Iberica, CESA and TAGrv. The subject of the workshop was ongoing research in articulated motion on a sequence of images and sophisticated models for deformable objects. The goals of these areas are to understand and interpret the motion of complex objects that can be found in sequences of images in the real world. The main topics considered priorities are: deformable models, motion analysis, articulated models and animation, visualization of deformable models, 3D recovery from motion, single or multiple human motion analysis and synthesis, applications of deformable models and motion analysis, face tracking, recovery and recognition models, and virtual and augmented reality systems.

Gesture in Human-Computer Interaction and Simulation

Gesture in Human-Computer Interaction and Simulation PDF Author: Sylvie Gibet
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540326251
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 344

Book Description
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Gesture in Human-Computer Interaction and Simulation, GW 2005, held in May 2005. The 22 revised long papers and 14 revised short papers presented together with 2 invited lectures were carefully selected from numerous submissions during two rounds of reviewing and improvement. The papers are organized in topical sections on human perception and production of gesture, sign language representation, sign language recognition, vision-based gesture recognition, gesture analysis, gesture synthesis, gesture and music, and gesture interaction in multimodal systems.

Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems

Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems PDF Author: Jaques Blanc-Talon
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642236871
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 763

Book Description
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems, ACIVS 2011, held in Ghent, Belgium, in August 2011. The 66 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 124 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on classification recognition, and tracking, segmentation, images analysis, image processing, video surveillance and biometrics, algorithms and optimization; and 3D, depth and scene understanding.

Audio-visual Person Tracking: A Practical Approach

Audio-visual Person Tracking: A Practical Approach PDF Author: Fotios Talantzis
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1848169493
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 236

Book Description
This book deals with the creation of the algorithmic backbone that enables a computer to perceive humans in a monitored space. This is performed using the same signals that humans process, i.e., audio and video. Computers reproduce the same type of perception using sensors and algorithms in order to detect and track multiple interacting humans, by way of multiple cues, like bodies, faces or speech. This application domain is challenging, because audio and visual signals are cluttered by both background and foreground objects. First, particle filtering is established as the framework for tracking. Then, audio, visual and also audio-visual tracking systems are separately explained. Each modality is analyzed, starting with sensor configuration, detection for tracker initialization and the trackers themselves. Techniques to fuse the modalities are then considered. Instead of offering a monolithic approach to the tracking problem, this book also focuses on implementation by providing MATLAB code for every presented component. This way, the reader can connect every concept with corresponding code. Finally, the applications of the various tracking systems in different domains are studied./a

Online Visual Tracking

Online Visual Tracking PDF Author: Huchuan Lu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811304696
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 128

Book Description
This book presents the state of the art in online visual tracking, including the motivations, practical algorithms, and experimental evaluations. Visual tracking remains a highly active area of research in Computer Vision and the performance under complex scenarios has substantially improved, driven by the high demand in connection with real-world applications and the recent advances in machine learning. A large variety of new algorithms have been proposed in the literature over the last two decades, with mixed success. Chapters 1 to 6 introduce readers to tracking methods based on online learning algorithms, including sparse representation, dictionary learning, hashing codes, local model, and model fusion. In Chapter 7, visual tracking is formulated as a foreground/background segmentation problem, and tracking methods based on superpixels and end-to-end deep networks are presented. In turn, Chapters 8 and 9 introduce the cutting-edge tracking methods based on correlation filter and deep learning. Chapter 10 summarizes the book and points out potential future research directions for visual tracking. The book is self-contained and suited for all researchers, professionals and postgraduate students working in the fields of computer vision, pattern recognition, and machine learning. It will help these readers grasp the insights provided by cutting-edge research, and benefit from the practical techniques available for designing effective visual tracking algorithms. Further, the source codes or results of most algorithms in the book are provided at an accompanying website.

Metaheuristics for Dynamic Optimization

Metaheuristics for Dynamic Optimization PDF Author: Enrique Alba
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642306659
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 400

Book Description
This book is an updated effort in summarizing the trending topics and new hot research lines in solving dynamic problems using metaheuristics. An analysis of the present state in solving complex problems quickly draws a clear picture: problems that change in time, having noise and uncertainties in their definition are becoming very important. The tools to face these problems are still to be built, since existing techniques are either slow or inefficient in tracking the many global optima that those problems are presenting to the solver technique. Thus, this book is devoted to include several of the most important advances in solving dynamic problems. Metaheuristics are the more popular tools to this end, and then we can find in the book how to best use genetic algorithms, particle swarm, ant colonies, immune systems, variable neighborhood search, and many other bioinspired techniques. Also, neural network solutions are considered in this book. Both, theory and practice have been addressed in the chapters of the book. Mathematical background and methodological tools in solving this new class of problems and applications are included. From the applications point of view, not just academic benchmarks are dealt with, but also real world applications in logistics and bioinformatics are discussed here. The book then covers theory and practice, as well as discrete versus continuous dynamic optimization, in the aim of creating a fresh and comprehensive volume. This book is targeted to either beginners and experienced practitioners in dynamic optimization, since we took care of devising the chapters in a way that a wide audience could profit from its contents. We hope to offer a single source for up-to-date information in dynamic optimization, an inspiring and attractive new research domain that appeared in these last years and is here to stay.

Visual Perception for Manipulation and Imitation in Humanoid Robots

Visual Perception for Manipulation and Imitation in Humanoid Robots PDF Author: Pedram Azad
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642042295
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 271

Book Description
Dealing with visual perception in robots and its applications to manipulation and imitation, this monograph focuses on stereo-based methods and systems for object recognition and 6 DoF pose estimation as well as for marker-less human motion capture.

Sensor Based Intelligent Robots

Sensor Based Intelligent Robots PDF Author: Gregory D. Hager
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540459936
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 380

Book Description
Robotics is a highly interdisciplinary research topic, that requires integration of methods for mechanics, control engineering, signal processing, planning, gra- ics, human-computer interaction, real-time systems, applied mathematics, and software engineering to enable construction of fully operational systems. The diversity of topics needed to design, implement, and deploy such systems implies that it is almost impossible for individual teams to provide the needed critical mass for such endeavors. To facilitate interaction and progress on sensor-based intelligent robotics inter-disciplinary workshops are necessary through which - depthdiscussioncanbeusedforcrossdisseminationbetweendi?erentdisciplines. The Dagstuhl foundation has organized a number of workshops on Mod- ing and Integration of Sensor Based Intelligent Robot Systems. The Dagstuhl seminars take place over a full week in a beautiful setting in the Saarland in Germany. The setting provides an ideal environment for in-depth presentations and rich interaction between the participants. This volume contains papers presented during the fourth workshop held - tober 15–20, 2000. All papers were submitted by workshop attendees, and were reviewed by at least one reviewer. We wish to thank all of the reviewers for their invaluable help in making this a high-quality selection of papers. We gratefully acknowledge the support of the Schloss Dagstuhl Foundation and the sta? at Springer-Verlag. Without their support the production of this volume would not have been possible.

Unconstrained Face Recognition

Unconstrained Face Recognition PDF Author: Shaohua Kevin Zhou
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387294864
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 244

Book Description
Face recognition has been actively studied over the past decade and continues to be a big research challenge. Just recently, researchers have begun to investigate face recognition under unconstrained conditions. Unconstrained Face Recognition provides a comprehensive review of this biometric, especially face recognition from video, assembling a collection of novel approaches that are able to recognize human faces under various unconstrained situations. The underlying basis of these approaches is that, unlike conventional face recognition algorithms, they exploit the inherent characteristics of the unconstrained situation and thus improve the recognition performance when compared with conventional algorithms. Unconstrained Face Recognition is structured to meet the needs of a professional audience of researchers and practitioners in industry. This volume is also suitable for advanced-level students in computer science.