Women and the State in Modern Indonesia

Women and the State in Modern Indonesia PDF Author: Susan Blackburn
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139456555
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description
In the first study of the kind, Susan Blackburn examines how Indonesian women have engaged with the state since they began to organise a century ago. Voices from the women's movement resound in these pages, posing demands such as education for girls and reform of marriage laws. The state, for its part, is shown attempting to control women. The book investigates the outcomes of these mutual claims and the power of the state and the women's movement in improving women's lives. It also questions the effects on women of recent changes to the state, such as Indonesia's transition to democracy and the election of its first female president. The wider context is important. On some issues, like reproductive health, international institutions have been influential and as the largest Islamic society in the world, Indonesia offers special insights into the role of religion in shaping relations between women and the state.

Women and the State in Modern Indonesia

Women and the State in Modern Indonesia PDF Author: Susan Blackburn
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521842259
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 268

Book Description
What do Indonesian women want their state to do for them, and, conversely, what interest has the Indonesian state in its female citizens? Indonesian women have been organizing themselves for about a century in a country renowned for diversity, a recent change to democratic rule, and the selection of a woman president. This inquiry listens to their voices by focusing on areas of greatest public controversy, such as polygamy, motherhood and violence.

Gender, State and Social Power in Contemporary Indonesia

Gender, State and Social Power in Contemporary Indonesia PDF Author: Kate O'Shaughnessy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134023553
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304

Book Description
This book examines gender, state and social power in Indonesia, focusing in particular on state regulation of divorce from 1965 to 2005 and its impact on women. Indonesia experienced high divorce rates in the 1950s and 1960s, followed by a remarkable decline. Already falling divorce rates were reinforced by the 1974 Marriage Law, which for the first time regulated marriage for both Muslim and non-Muslim Indonesians and restricted access to divorce. This law defined the roles of men and women in Indonesian society, vesting household leadership with husbands and the management of the household with wives. Drawing on a wide selection of primary sources, including court records, legal codes, newspaper reports, fiction, interviews and case studies, this book provides a detailed historical account of this period of important social change, exploring fully the impact and operation of state regulation of divorce, including the New Order government’s aims in enacting this legal framework, its effects in practice and how it was utilised by citizens (both men and women) to advance their own agendas. It argues that the Marriage Law was a tool of social control enacted by the New Order government in response to the social upheaval and protests experienced in the mid 1970s. However, it also shows that state power was not hegemonic: it was both contested and co-opted by citizens, with men and women enjoying different degrees of autonomy from the state. This book explores all of these issues, providing important insights on the nature of the New Order regime, social power and gender relations, both during the years of its rule and since its collapse.

Women and Sharia Law in Northern Indonesia

Women and Sharia Law in Northern Indonesia PDF Author: Dina Afrianty
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317592492
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 202

Book Description
This book examines the life of women in the Indonesian province of Aceh, where Islamic law was introduced in 1999. It outlines how women have had to face the formalisation of conservative understandings of sharia law in regulations and new state institutions over the last decade or so, how they have responded to this, forming non-governmental organisations (NGOs) that have shaped local discourse on women’s rights, equality and status in Islam, and how these NGOs have strategised, demanded reform, and enabled Acehnese women to take active roles in influencing the processes of democratisation and Islamisation that are shaping the province. The book shows that although the formal introduction of Islamic law in Aceh has placed restrictions on women’s freedom, paradoxically it has not prevented them from engaging in public life. It argues that the democratisation of Indonesia, which allowed Islamisation to occur, continues to act as an important factor shaping Islamisation’s current trajectory; that the introduction of Islamic law has motivated women’s NGOs and other elements of civil society to become more involved in wider discussions about the future of sharia in Aceh; and that Indonesia’s recent decentralisation policy and growing local Islamism have enabled the emergence of different religious and local adat practices, which do not necessarily correspond to overall national trends.

Women's Empowerment in Indonesia

Women's Empowerment in Indonesia PDF Author: Sri Wiyanti Eddyono
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351348922
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 224

Book Description
The idea that development projects in poor countries are most effective when they harness the agency of women is a well known theme. Most studies of women’s agency in such projects, however, focus on the role of non-governmental organizations in facilitating women’s agency. This book, on the other hand, based on extensive original research, explores how women can effectively mobilize themselves on their own initiative. The book considers poor people in informal settlements in Jakarta, where government schemes for modernizing the city have often led to forced evictions. The book examines different groups of women, analyzes how they have challenged oppressive authority - their husbands, community leaders and local governments - and provides detailed insights into women’s attitudes and what has motivated them. Overall, the book provides a rich picture of women’s empowerment and disempowerment.

Women, Islam and Everyday Life

Women, Islam and Everyday Life PDF Author: Nina Nurmila
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134033702
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 216

Book Description
This book examines Islam and women’s everyday life, focusing in particular on the highly controversial issue of polygamy. It discusses the competing interpretations of the Qur’anic verses that are at the heart of Muslim controversies over polygamy, with some groups believing that Islam enshrines polygamy as a male right, others seeing it as permitted but discouraged in favour of monogamy, and other groups arguing that Islam implicitly prohibits polygamy. Based on detailed fieldwork conducted in Indonesia, it provides an empirically-based account of women’s lived experiences in polygamous marriages, describing the different perceptions of the practice and strategies in dealing with it. It also considers the impact of changing public policy, in particular Indonesia’s 1974 Marriage Law which restricted the practice of polygamy. It shows that, in fact, this law has not resulted in widespread adherence, and considers how public policy could be modified to increase its effectiveness in affecting behaviour in everyday life. Overall, the book argues that polygamy has been a source of injustice towards women and children, that this is against Islamic teaching, and that a just Islamic law would need to call for the abolition of polygamy.

Gender, Violence and Power in Indonesia

Gender, Violence and Power in Indonesia PDF Author: Katharine McGregor
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000050386
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 232

Book Description
This book uses an interdisciplinary approach to chart how various forms of violence – domestic, military, legal and political – are not separate instances of violence, but rather embedded in structural inequalities brought about by colonialism, occupation and state violence. The book explores both case studies of individuals and of groups to examine experiences of violence within the context of gender and structures of power in modern Indonesian history and Indonesia-related diasporas. It argues that gendered violence is particularly important to consider in this region because of its complex history of armed conflict and authoritarian rule, the diversity of people that have been affected by violence, as well as the complexity of the religious and cultural communities involved. The book focuses in particular on textual narratives of violence, visualisations of violence, commemorations of violence and the politics of care.

Women from Traditional Islamic Educational Institutions in Indonesia

Women from Traditional Islamic Educational Institutions in Indonesia PDF Author: Eka Srimulyani
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9089644210
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 184

Book Description
Dit is de eerste Engelstalige publicatie over vrouwen in traditionele islamitische onderwijsinstellingen in Indonesië, de zogenaamde 'pesantren'. Deze vrouwen spelen een belangrijke rol de genderproblematiek in de Indonesische moslimgemeenschap. Deze informatieve en inzichtelijke studie dient twee groeiende onderzoeksgebieden in de studies over Indonesië: de studie naar de islam en de studie naar moslimvrouwen. Tevens voegt het een nieuw perspectief toe aan de bestaande Engelstalige literatuur over moslima's buiten de huidige dominante context van het Midden-Oosten of Sub-Indische continent.

Fearless Speech in Indonesian Women's Writing

Fearless Speech in Indonesian Women's Writing PDF Author: Jafar Suryomenggolo
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1793650543
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 262

Book Description
This book argues that Indonesian female workers are actively confronting matters that are important to their interests as labor. In their writings and activism, they challenge the political order and demand gender justice.

Islam, Women's Sexuality and Patriarchy in Indonesia

Islam, Women's Sexuality and Patriarchy in Indonesia PDF Author: Irma Riyani
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000221814
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 240

Book Description
This book explores the intimate marital relationships of Indonesian Muslim married women. As well as describing and analysing their sexual relationships, the book also investigates how Islam influences discourses of sexuality in Indonesia, and in particular how Islamic teachings affect Muslim married women’s perceptions and behaviour in their sexual relationships with their husbands. Based on extensive original research, the book reveals that Muslim women perceive marriage as a social, cultural, and religious obligation that they need to fulfil; that they realise that finding an ideal marriage partner is complicated, with some having the opportunity for a long courtship and others barely knowing their partner prior to marriage; and that there is a strong tendency, with some exceptions, for women to consider a sexual relationship in marriage as their duty and their husband’s right. Religious and cultural discourses justify and support this view and consider refusal a sin (dosa) or taboo (pamali). Both discourses emphasise obedience towards husbands in marriage.